A Systemic Perspective on Racism in Football: The Experience of the BRISWA Project

  • Stefano Armenia Link Campus University
  • Camillo Carlini System Dynamics Italian Chapter
  • Jason Papathanasiou University of Macedonia
  • Alessandro Pompei System Dynamics Italian Chapter
  • Georgios Tsaples University of Macedonia
Keywords: Systems Thinking, Racism, Football, Group Model Building, Causal Loop Diagrams, Complex Systems, Social Dynamics, E Sport


The objective of this paper is to present the process for the development of a causal loop diagram that captures the relevant aspects of racism in football, through a holistic, top-down approach. To do so, a series of workshops/sessions has been organised with experts in the field and with the purpose of designing a tool that could be used to get better insights into how racism in football emerges and where are the potential areas where policymakers could use as leverage for effective counter-measures. The diagram demonstrated the multi-faceted nature of racism, the phenomena that might give rise to it and the elements that could serve as leverage in potential counter-measures. Some of the most interesting results include the following: the power structures of society and football should adapt to represent the actual demographic make-up of each country. Furthermore, policymakers should involve media more directly in every attempt to fight racism. Finally, racism in football is a mirror of racism in society. Hence, any attempt to combat racism in football should be interlinked with corresponding efforts to fight discrimination in society.


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How to Cite
Armenia, S., Carlini, C., Papathanasiou, J., Pompei, A., & Tsaples, G. (2020). A Systemic Perspective on Racism in Football: The Experience of the BRISWA Project. PuntOorg International Journal, 4(2), 56-70. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.19245/25.05.pij.4.2.1